Project team MUNICIPALITY OF SAN DOLRIGO DELLA VALLE

Project team

Dolina is a municipality in the Republic of Italy which is located around 10 km southeast of Trieste, in the most northern part of Istria, covering an area of 24.5 km2.

Dolina, where 6,019 inhabitants were listed as living in the census of 2004, lies near the Italian-Slovenian border under Socerb, and in some respects it is the geological border between the world of karst and flysch. A significant part of the territory of the municipality is included in the Landscape Park of the Glinščica Valley which is under the administration of the municipality.

After 1511 the area of the municipality, the centre of which today is Dolina, was joined to Kranjska/Carniola, which is how it remained until 1814, when it was included into Istria and it remained a part of it after Italian annexation of 1920 until the end of 1923; and from then on it belonged to the province of Trieste.

The first school was founded in 1809. In 1978 the renown Dolina Camp was situated here which sparked the Slovenian nationalist movement in Trieste. That same year a reading and singing society named after Valentin Vodnik was founded. With the industrialisation of Trieste, more and more of the Italian population began to settle in Dolina, so that Dolina slowly began to lose its then predominantly homogeneous Slovene composition and today the Italian minority represents almost 30% of the population.

One of the Slovenian folk customs held in Dolina is Majenica, which takes place every first Sunday in May, with the appearance of the new moon. On this day, a cultural ceremony is held in Dolina for which an exhibition of local produce, primarily wine and oil, is prepared.

The area of Dolina has had a great tradition in producing wine and olives for centuries.

On the basis of the Statute, the Municipality of Dolina is the authority of the local self-government which represents its community, looking after its interests and encouraging its development with respect for the social and natural environment.

Special emphasis is placed by the Statute of the Municipality of Dolina on strengthening the value of brotherhood, peace and cultural coexistence between the peoples who live within its territory. Following these basic values, in 1981, the Municipality of Dolina devised and developed a main actuator of events - “Open Borders - Confine aperto” the aim of which is the realisation of concepts about the bridging of borders.

Over the area of the Municipality of Dolina, flows the only surface flowing water of Trieste’s Kras, the River Glinščica which, since antiquity, has watered the plants there, provided a haven for animals and has been very attractive for people and anthropological activities. Due to its extensive natural heritage, the Glinščica valley has become a state nature reserve and a favourite destination for holiday-makers, climbers, cavers and a wide range of experts. 

In fact the local inhabitants, who visit and view the natural pearl, have contributed to the conservation of the natural and cultural heritage of this area which represents a kind of natural shelter and a place for carrying out local activities. Its picturesque canyon, walking and cycling trails which lead through the Mediterranean vegetation, lead to a cave with ancient inscriptions, to a stream and a viewpoint from where there is a view of the Gulf of Trieste. 

Also extremely interesting is the 36 metre tall Supet waterfall on the Glinščica. The Municipality of Dolina became the manager of the Nature Reserve of the Glinščica valley in 2006.

MUNICIPALITY OF SAN DOLRIGO DELLA VALLE 
Italy

Mitja Lovriha
mitja.lovriha@com-san-dorligo-della-valle.regione.fvg.it